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Crayons are a school material, used mainly for drawing, consisting mainly of paraffin, pigments and fillers, presenting a wide variety of colors, thanks to the mixture of its colorants. Generally, it is a material used for making sketches.
The drawing with crayons brings some advantages: the colors do not turn yellow with the passage of time, it is a more stable material than the pastel, it allows a huge color variation. The negative aspect is that the use of crayon bars makes it difficult to execute details in the drawing.
Techniques of pigment reformulation allowed to improve the colors of the crayon, so the artist started to use it as a new technique in the production of his arts.
In the market, one can find different brands with different prices and qualities. In the same way, the crayon bars can be thicker or thinner, adapting to the artist’s preferences.
Uses: Widely used by children in their preschool phase, for its thick, colorful line, and its ease of use. And on other occasions for its softness in contours and for its characteristic that remains in the drawings, and it is also sometimes used for other things, such as: writing; after scraping, using the scrapings in artistic and craft works; etc.
Its use is a little impaired by the ease of the chalk breaking in falls, and the thick line makes small details difficult.
Supports: Wax chalk allows several surfaces to perform the work. It only needs to be rough and capable of retaining the wax. Paper, paperboard or wood are some of the options. It is up to the artist to choose which surface best suits the work, the theme and the textures he wishes to make.
History: The use of wax as a technique began in Egypt five thousand years ago. Since this time, the procedure has not disappeared. However, the history of wax chalk is not entirely clear. The English word “crayon” dates from 1644, being originated from the word craie (chalk) and the Latin crete (earth).
The notion of combining a form of wax with pigments has existed for thousands of years. Encaustic painting is a technique that uses hot beeswax combined with a colored pigment to make the color stick to the stone. A heat source was then used to “burn” the mixture and fix the image. Pliny the Elder, a Roman naturalist, would have described the first techniques of drawings made with wax chalk.
This method, used by the Egyptians, Romans, Greeks and even the indigenous people of the Philippines, is still used today. However, the process did not involve transforming the crayon into a form that could be handled and served to color, and therefore the chalk was not used in classrooms or as handicraft for children.